The purpose of this study was to assess the durability of a non-cemented, hemispherical rim-fit, hydroxyapatite coated cup with a highly cross-linked polyethylene in 223 total hip arthroplasties. At 6-years follow-up (range, 5–9), there were no cup revisions for osteolysis or loosening. Radiologic evidence of osseointegration was based on presence of Stress Induced Reactive Cancellous Bone and radial trabeculae, seen in 47% and 93% of cups, respectively; both were most prevalent in Zone 1. There was no interference demarcation in any zones. Two cups were revised (0.9%): one for dislocation and another for infection. The Kaplan–Meier survivorship for cup revision for any failure (infection, dislocation) was 99% and for mechanical failure (osteolysis, loosening) was 100%. This design has excellent safety, efficacy and durability.
The aim of this study was to assess peri-operative complications, safety and efficacy of non-cemented femoral fixation in total hip arthroplasty (THA) as compared to cemented femoral fixation in the elderly population. Fifty-two matched pair analysis of patients with 75 years of age and older (104 patients), who underwent primary THA from June 1997 to December 2004, was performed based on age, sex, BMI, and Charnley classification. Mean age was 81 years (75–101) and the average follow up was 3.1 ± 2.9 years (1.2–6.4). There was no difference in peri-operative cardiopulmonary complications, pulmonary failures, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolus, length of stay, or discharge deposition between the two groups. Non-cemented fixation is safe and effective in patients older than 75 years of age.
The effect of implant size difference on patient outcomes and failure after bilateral simultaneous total knee arthroplasty
Proper sizing of femoral and tibial components has been associated with long-term outcomes and survivorship in simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (SBTKA) and may be a reason for differences in outcomes between knees. The aim of this study compares post-operative outcomes and revision rates in patients undergoing SBTKA with different component sizes.
Obesity does not influence acetabular component accuracy when using a 3D optical computer navigation system
Improper cup positioning and leg length discrepancy (LLD) are two of the most common errors following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and are associated with potentially significant consequences. Obesity is associated with increased risk of mechanical complications, including dislocations, which may be secondary to cup malposition and failure to restore leg length and offset.
Assessment of Reactive Synovitis in Rotating-Platform Posterior-Stabilized Design: A 10-Year Prospective Matched-Pair MRI Study
This is the first long-term (mean 11.6 years), prospective, matched-pair study (based on age, gender, BMI and UCLA scores) using MAVRIC (multi-acquisition variable-resonance image combination) magnetic resonance imaging to analyze reactive synovitis and osteolysis between rotating-platform posterior-stabilized (RP-PS), fixed-bearing metal-back (FB-MB), and all-polyethylene tibial (APT) in active patients (24 total, 8 in each group, mean age of 64 years, mean UCLA of 8.5) with identical femoral component and polyethylene.
In recent time, metal ion debris and adverse local tissue reaction have reemerged as an area of clinical concern with the use of large femoral heads after total hip arthroplasty (THA).
This is a long-term follow-up report of all-polyethylene tibial components in 60 years and younger, active patients. At the mean follow-up of 12.4 ± 2.7 (range, 10-18 years), no more patients were deceased or lost to follow-up, leaving 32 patients (44 knees) for final analysis. Good to excellent results were achieved in 96% of patients. The mean Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index and Knee Society Score were 31 and 97, respectively.
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is an uncommon cause of residual pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The presentation is variable, and there is no gold standard diagnostic test. Diagnosis is more difficult after TKA because some classic signs of CRPS may be unreliable and imaging may be difficult to interpret. Early intervention is the most important factor in predicting improvement, necessitating high suspicion in patients with exaggerated pain and stiffness after excluding more common causes.
Patients Discharged to Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities Undergo More Diagnostic Interventions With No Improvement in Outcomes
The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a difference in the number of diagnostic tests and interventions, pain and function scores, or satisfaction of patients discharged to inpatient rehabilitation facilities vs to home. From February to May 2015, 171 consecutive patients were prospectively recruited following primary total knee arthroplasty. Six weeks postoperatively, based on the patients’ recollections, the number and types of diagnostic imaging tests, number of blood transfusions, and overall satisfaction whether discharged to inpatient rehabilitation facilities (n=85) or to home (n=86) were assessed.
Alternative Payment Models in Total Joint Arthroplasty An Orthopaedic Surgeon’s Perspective on Performance and Logistics
The U.S. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Affordable Care Act or “Obamacare”) represents a comprehensive initiative to improve health insurance coverage, affordability, and access, while minimizing health-care spending and improving upon the quality of care provided.